/ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> 105 0 obj /Type /Page >> >> /Rotate 0 endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 2 0 R Children can choose schools according to their preferences. /Type /Page >> >> /TT0 120 0 R >> /Contents 306 0 R >> 114 0 obj /Type /Page 0000052109 00000 n /Contents 298 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Properties << /Contents 238 0 R /MC0 129 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /Properties << 82 0 obj /TT0 120 0 R /Font << Education Reform Act 1988 Learning Objectives: To understand the main changes that occurred in 1988 29. Stephen Ball talks of the school/ parent alliance: Middle class parents want middle class schools and schools want middle class pupils. 31 0 obj /StructParents 45 /Rotate 0 Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth . /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Better local oversight of schools and stronger incentives for local collaboration, rather than national chains cherry picking little groups of schools, would be Phillips priorities. >> << endobj 0000005855 00000 n hen Gary Phillips started his career as a young teacher, the education world was a radically different place. Created by: jocastle; Created on: 06-05-16 12:51; Educational Policy- 1988 Education Reform Act. << /Parent 15 0 R However, state-governed evaluations may soon come to an end. /Resources << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Properties << Benefits of Education are Societal and Personal. Inequality of Education Opportunity increases the best schools get better and the worst get worse. /StructParents 2 Competition & choice - Advantages-Gives parents a choice - Encourages schools to compete and raise standards - The more pupils, the more funding given to the school (FORMULA FUNDING) Disadvantages - Not all parents have choice (BALL) - The best schools are over-subscribed. /Font << /Resources << History. >> /GS0 125 0 R ReviseSociologySociology Revision Resources for SaleExams, Essays and Short Answer QuestionsIntroFamilies and HouseholdsEducationResearch MethodsSociological TheoriesBeliefs in SocietyMediaGlobalisation and Global DevelopmentCrime and DevianceKey ConceptsAboutPrivacy PolicyHome. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /Font << 0000032161 00000 n endobj /Parent 17 0 R >> /Font << 116 0 obj >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /TT0 120 0 R /TT2 226 0 R /MC0 129 0 R >> /Count 10 /ExtGState << /TT1 226 0 R /Parent 15 0 R << Gerbil - the great education reform bill, as it was known before . /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /TT1 226 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 86 0 obj /TT0 120 0 R >> >> endobj /Rotate 0 /ExtGState << /Resources << /Font << >> /Contents 234 0 R /Rotate 0 >> /Dest [110 0 R /XYZ 0 771 null] >> /Properties << The best schools become oversubscribed often with four or more pupils competing for each place. << /Parent 9 0 R The Education Reform Act of 1988 kickstarted the marketisation of education by applying market forces to education, promoting competition, and increasing parental choice. Learn how your comment data is processed. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Prev 115 0 R This is achieved through making schools compete with one another for pupils and government funding, in the same way in which businesses compete with each other for customers, sales and profits. /GS0 125 0 R /Count 10 /Resources << /TT1 121 0 R endobj /Title (The 1988 Education Reform Act and Its Consequences ) /Count 2 >> /GS0 125 0 R 0000000994 00000 n /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /TT1 226 0 R Obtain permissions instantly via Rightslink by clicking on the button below: If you are unable to obtain permissions via Rightslink, please complete and submit this Permissions form. >> endobj If the states in the U.S. are in charge of setting their own standards of education, then it creates a system where every territory, district, and legislature could set their own expectations for curriculum development. /Parent 11 0 R /Rotate 0 >> He has led efforts to improve public education as a teacher, principal, researcher, and advocate for 30 years. << >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] One recent 2018 survey of primary school teachers found that more than 90% of primary school teachers think SATS impact negatively on their pupils well-being. >> 4 0 obj The tables are published in many newspapers and online. The Education Reform Act is then explored with reference to the revised correspondence principle. /MC0 129 0 R /TT3 226 0 R << >> /Rotate 0 . All that changed 30 years ago this summer with the introduction of the 1988 Education Reform Act, a huge piece of legislation that introduced the national curriculum and the idea of diversity and a schools market in which parents would vote with their feet, in theory encouraging the best schools to expand and the worst to improve or close. /CreationDate (D:20040616154025+03'00') >> /Length 963 /Parent 15 0 R << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] startxref /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /LastModified (D:20040616154335) /TT1 121 0 R /MC0 129 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /TT0 120 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /TT0 120 0 R >> /ExtGState << /Contents 272 0 R >> The education received throughout a childhood determines how the future will be for the new generation. /ExtGState << >> /GS0 125 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /ExtGState << 0000052072 00000 n >> /ExtGState << /GS0 125 0 R /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /TT0 120 0 R /ExtGState << 81 0 obj /TT2 231 0 R 14 0 obj /MC0 129 0 R >> /Kids [32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R] /Count 90 >> 61 0 obj /StructParents 27 /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Rotate 0 Children can go to school with their childhood friends. >> /Type /Page /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /GS0 125 0 R /Properties << /Resources << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /TT0 120 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 >> /GS0 125 0 R /Properties << /Resources << >> /GS0 125 0 R 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. /TT1 121 0 R /TT0 120 0 R How do I view content? endobj Both brought with them changes that are . For marketization to work parents must have a choice of where to send their children. /Rotate 0 << /TT2 226 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] This is the act which more than any other has shaped the modern education system. << /MC0 129 0 R >> >> This thesis reports on research that explored the impact of the Education Reform Act (ERA) (1988) on the provision of Physical Education (PE) and sport in state schools within one Local Education Authority (LEA) in England. /TT1 121 0 R endobj /F3 122 0 R >> /TT0 120 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Font << /TT0 120 0 R 60 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Contents 229 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 >> >> >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /GS0 125 0 R /Properties << They will maintain the schools position in the league tables and its status in the education market. /Parent 2 0 R /Rotate 0 /TT2 159 0 R /Properties << /GS0 125 0 R The 1988 reform act led to league tables and the schools market plus back-door selection and even corruption, School market supporters argue the case for the defence. /Parent 13 0 R << /ExtGState << endobj /StructParents 61 /Contents 225 0 R /TT2 226 0 R /Parent 9 0 R /Rotate 0 endobj /TT2 121 0 R The national curriculum required that all schools teach the same subject content from the age of 7-16. /MarkedPDF << /TT2 121 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Resources << /GS0 125 0 R /Properties << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] << Routledge. >> /GS0 125 0 R /ExtGState << /Properties << >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 9 0 R >> /Resources << /Font << The following overview of the evolution of ESEA and federal standards-based education reform policy is presented to contextualize ESSA and help inform how states respond to the new law. /Count 10 >> 0000002642 00000 n >> /Type /Page /TT1 121 0 R /Parent 16 0 R endobj 100 0 obj /Next 19 0 R /Contents 296 0 R endobj /TT0 120 0 R >> It has stirred up heated responses from supporters of both sides in mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and among overseas Chinese communities with its implications of political ideology and cultural identity. /Properties << 87 0 obj /Parent 17 0 R >> /Count 10 /Parent 12 0 R /Type /Page >> >> It was this that then set the scene for successful schools to be able to expand and failing schools to collapse (and, following further policy changes later on under New Labour and other successive governments) to be taken over by successful schools. endobj << /TT1 121 0 R /Next 307 0 R >> The tripartite system of secondary education, implemented in the 1944 Act, offered three types of education after the age of 11: grammar schools for the most able, /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Properties << /StructParents 87 /ExtGState << 71 0 obj /MC0 129 0 R /Properties << /ExtGState << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] << ERIC is an online library of education research and information, sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /ExtGState << /GS0 125 0 R /MC0 129 0 R /Contents 281 0 R /Title /StructParents 51 /Type /Pages /Font << /Rotate 0 The Education Reform Act, 1988, has been greeted as an ill wind by many sections of the educational establishment. /ExtGState << >> /GS0 125 0 R /Contents 282 0 R /Type /Page /MC0 129 0 R /GS0 125 0 R 117 0 obj /ExtGState << /TT0 120 0 R This will take effect in 2009. /TT2 159 0 R The act introduced GCSEs and league tables and laid the foundations for our contemporary competitive education system. /StructParents 22 /ExtGState << /TT2 159 0 R /GS0 125 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources << An Act to amend the law relating to education. >> /TT1 121 0 R /StructParents 81 /Parent 17 0 R Three types of schools were established by 1944 Education Act - grammar schools; technical schools and secondary modern schools. /Contents 283 0 R >> /Font << /ExtGState << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /GS0 125 0 R /ExtGState << /ExtGState << In general the schools with more middle class students have better results. 36 0 obj Maclure, S. 1988. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /Font << /TT1 121 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /ExtGState << >> << /Rotate 0 /Parent 17 0 R >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] << The 1988 Education Reform Act was based on the principles of making schools more competitive (marketisation) and giving parents choice (parentocracy). >> /Resources << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /TT0 120 0 R /TT1 226 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /Contents 270 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /ExtGState << More limited claims for the thesis are posited. >> love it! /TT0 120 0 R 90 0 obj >> /Properties << /Font << >> But perhaps the biggest weakness of the market has been the failure to guarantee enough good teachers and challenging schools that struggle in performance measures often find it the hardest to recruit good teachers. endobj 4 The agreement reduced and eliminated tariffs. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << /GS0 125 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /Resources << /GS0 125 0 R /Parent 12 0 R 58 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] . /Properties << Barely 10% of its pupils achieved five good GCSEs and attendance was chronically low. >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Type /Page /Names 4 0 R /GS0 125 0 R A bit like What car? magazine, but for schools. endobj /Type /Page /Annots [127 0 R] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Im1 126 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Properties << << /TT1 121 0 R endobj Access to better education. /Prev 113 0 R endobj endobj /Resources << /Parent 3 0 R /Pages 2 0 R >> /TT2 226 0 R /Resources << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Font << /MC0 129 0 R >> The ERA - known as the Butler Act - celebrated 30 years of being on the statute books in July 2018. /Properties << The view that the 1988 Education Reform Act is influential in terms of controlling and progressing schools further could be seen as decisive, one reason being it could be a means of achieving control of the curriculum and the assessment, enabling them to progress and monitor there spending control, as well as the rise in the standards of school in terms of the competition and choice. /Font << Many of the features of today's education system - from academies to league tables - have their origins in the 1988 Education Reform Act. /Contents 271 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /Parent 9 0 R Source: DAR Studies find that benefits such as improved . >> /MC0 129 0 R /GS0 125 0 R >> endobj /Parent 13 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /TT0 120 0 R advantages through choice policies' (1995, p. 21). /MC0 129 0 R endobj /Type /Page /Contents 280 0 R /Resources << /ExtGState << Registered in England & Wales No. /Properties << /D << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MC0 129 0 R /TT1 121 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /StructParents 73 /Type /Page >> /Contents 233 0 R >> 16 0 obj /TT0 120 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources << 2. /Parent 9 0 R /TT1 121 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R 155 0 R 156 0 R 157 0 R] /Rotate 0 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] << >> /GS0 125 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /Resources << << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /ExtGState << /PageElement << /Rotate 0 People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. More lands have been brought to government possession for distribution to landless farmers. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /ExtGState << /TT1 121 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /GS0 125 0 R Parent choice is here to stay, but the current lull in domestic policy could provide an opportunity for reflection on what has worked in the past 30 years and what could change in the future. /TT3 159 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] We have tripled the number of young people coming out of university with degrees but we havent increased substantially the number who are prepared to become teachers, says Gary Phillips. An emphasis on individual freedom responsibility (they are against the welfare state). << 85 0 obj /Last 19 0 R The school you go to still depends on where you live we see parents swapping council houses to come here. /Font << << /Contents 295 0 R >> endobj /Kids [22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R] /TT1 226 0 R >> /Type /Pages /TT0 120 0 R /TT1 226 0 R >> << /Font << >> >> Freedom of choice. >> >> /Marked true 170 0 R 171 0 R 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R 175 0 R 176 0 R 177 0 R 178 0 R 179 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /StructParents 58 /Parent 3 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /ExtGState << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] %PDF-1.3 % /CropBox [0 0 595 842] There were no league tables, no Ofsted, no academies or free schools. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Rotate 0 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Resources << /Font << /Parent 14 0 R The act introduced GCSEs and league tables and laid the foundations for our contemporary competitive education system. /Font << >> /Rotate 0 endobj >> /Rotate 0 0000001818 00000 n 6 0 obj /Resources << /Resources << /ExtGState << /StructParents 67 /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /ExtGState << /StructParents 46 /Resources << 12 0 obj education, discipline that is concerned with methods of teaching and learning in schools or school-like environments as opposed to various nonformal and informal means of socialization (e.g., rural development projects and education through parent-child relationships). /Dest [23 0 R /XYZ 0 771 null] /Parent 3 0 R /Type /Page /Properties << >> >> /StructParents 17 /TT0 120 0 R /Resources << /Font << /Resources << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Properties << /Type /Page /TT0 120 0 R /TT2 226 0 R Go compare-style websites ranking local schools are taken for granted. It has significantly influenced the policies of the UK Conservative Party and is a set of political beliefs about how the country should be run. /Title >> >> & Berliner David C. 1992. . >> /ExtGState << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Parent 11 0 R endobj /MC0 129 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /GS0 125 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 180 0 R 181 0 R 182 0 R 183 0 R 184 0 R 185 0 R 186 0 R 187 0 R 188 0 R 189 0 R /Parent 16 0 R /TT0 120 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 53 0 obj /GS0 125 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /GS0 125 0 R >> When Gary Phillips started his career as a young teacher, the education world was a radically different place. /F4 123 0 R /Resources << /Properties << /Type /Pages 70 0 obj /Resources << 67 0 obj /Parent 11 0 R >> >> 0000003188 00000 n >> /Rotate 0 /Font << /TT0 120 0 R /Resources << >> >> GCSEs and SATs were also introduced as part of the National Curriculum. /Font << /StructParents 33 /MC0 129 0 R /Resources << >> As a result, the basic structure of our standing education system was instituted. /Type /Page The main impact of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 is in establishing a Supreme Court as the highest appeal court. Some parts of the country, recently categorised in 12 new government-designated opportunity areas, appear stubbornly resistant to every policy initiative of the past 30 years. /GS0 125 0 R /Rotate 0 /Type /Page 17 0 obj Thirty years ago, a single piece of legislation transformed the schools landscape, launching a national curriculum and key-stage testing, and devolving power from local authorities to heads. /Contents 267 0 R /Properties << /Type /Pages >> /Contents 288 0 R << << 0000033023 00000 n >> >> >> Gage, N.L. /Contents 222 0 R /F5 124 0 R << /Properties << /StructParents 1 >> >> In the past six months I have been researching a new book, The Best For My Child. /TT2 121 0 R /Resources << /MC0 129 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MC0 129 0 R /MC0 129 0 R >> Education Reformed: A Guide to the Education Reform Act . /Type /Page /Font << >> According to the results, the 1988 Education Reform Act has had a strong impact on teaching in the British primary schools. /Contents 227 0 R Marketisation is used to refer to a trend in education policy from the 1980s where schools were encouraged to compete against each other and act more like private businesses rather than institutions under the control of local government. >> /OCGs [7 0 R] /Contents 268 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources << /Properties << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Parent 14 0 R /Font << /StructParents 18 >> /Resources << Study with Quizlet and memorize flashcards containing terms like 1944 Education Act (Butler Act), Comprehensive schooling 1965, Advantages and Disadvantages of comprehensive schools and more. /Resources << 57 0 obj >> endobj /ExtGState << /Font << /Parent 10 0 R /Rotate 0 /Parent 15 0 R /GS0 125 0 R >> /TT1 121 0 R 13 0 obj /ExtGState << /Font << Indeed, it is rapidly becoming a full-time There were no league tables, no Ofsted, no academies or free schools. /TT0 120 0 R >> Advantages. /StructParents 21 /GS0 125 0 R . /Contents 131 0 R /ExtGState << /TT1 121 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /TT1 226 0 R >> After 30 years of 'go compare', English education is a wild west. /MC0 129 0 R Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Advantages & disadvantages of The education reform act 1988. /Font << OFSTED Raised standard because a poor inspection could result in new management being imposed on underperforming schools. /Properties << /ExtGState << /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MC0 129 0 R /Properties << 45 0 obj /Contents 291 0 R >> Education Reform Act 1988 (ERA88) onwards, we measured changes over time in the tendency for pupils with particular socio-economic characteristics to cluster in particular schools (termed segregation). << /Type /Page 34 0 obj >> Alternative types of schooling in the UK Faith schools Independent Special schools Home schooling Task: Give a definition for each types of school and give at least three advantages and disadvantages. stream << /Parent 11 0 R >> /Type /Page /TT1 121 0 R /Parent 3 0 R 95 0 obj /TT0 120 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] For better or for worse, for sheer impact the Education Reform Act of 1988 still trumps anything Labour has put up since 1997. /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> 55 0 obj /GS0 125 0 R Weaknesses. The aim of this policy is to raise standards. /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 /Parent 14 0 R /StructParents 34 endobj >> endobj << >> >> The New Rights theory was that marketisation would improve efficiency in schools, which should automatically be achieved by making schools more competitive 0 therefore reducing the education budget. /ExtGState << /TT0 120 0 R /MC0 129 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /Properties << << Education Reform Act 1988. /Font << /ExtGState << /TT0 120 0 R It would be premature to make judgements about the advantages and disadvantages of introducing neoliberal practices into education without giving serious consideration to the perceived benefits of this approach. /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources << /Resources << /C2_0 232 0 R /Type /Page /StructParents 78 /StructParents 76 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] endobj >> /MC0 129 0 R /StructParents 15 /Contents 258 0 R /ExtGState << It is usually the benefits of education that are extolled from time to time and there is much strength in that argument since the one thing that separates man from animals is the ability to advance knowledge and expertise from . /StructParents 38 endobj 63 0 obj /TT2 226 0 R 15 0 obj 74 0 obj /TT2 121 0 R Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. /ExtGState << >> << /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 >> /TT0 120 0 R /Parent 17 0 R /Rotate 0 /MC0 129 0 R /Rotate 0 /Rotate 0 >> /ExtGState << 38 0 obj /Font << >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /GS0 125 0 R /Properties << /Rotate 0 /Contents 221 0 R /Type /Page /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /Resources << /Type /Page endobj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 43 0 obj endobj >> /TT1 121 0 R /Parent 12 0 R 57 0 obj <> endobj >> /MC0 129 0 R /ExtGState << endobj Initially, many health insurance companieslacking the information they needed to ensure their financial stabilityleft the ACA's marketplaces. /Properties << Recently the Bright Tribe academy trust has been in the news over transactions with companies linked to the trusts founder. << >> /Font << /TT0 120 0 R endobj /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] 98 0 obj /Type /Page >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 19 0 obj /GS0 125 0 R There are too many bad case studies, often academy chains, being passed around and places where people dont want to work.. endobj >> >> 32 0 obj Lowering taxation and reducing government spending. The New Right refers to a set of ideas that emerged in the 1970s. 30 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> /Rotate 0 /Contents 279 0 R /Type /Catalog /Dest [24 0 R /XYZ 0 771 null] >> /TT0 120 0 R /TT3 159 0 R Disadvantages of Inclusive Education. >> endobj /GS0 125 0 R /Rotate 0 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] From a Neoliberal and New Right perspective the above is fundamentally flawed logic as it means that successful schools which are attracting more pupils are subsidising worse performing schools and so the 1988 Act required that LEASs hand over their money directly to schools based on pupil numbers (formula funding) which removed the power of LEAs to control local budgets. /Type /Page /TT1 226 0 R /Resources << >> /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] Educational disadvantage is demonstrated in many ways, most often in poor levels of participation and achievement in the . >> >> >> >> minimal competition for funding the policy wont work unless parents a choice over which school to send their pupils to! The act was introduced by the New Right and this post starts off by exploring their ideas about education and then covers the specific details of the act itself, before evaluating the impact of 1988 Education Act. /Parent 15 0 R - Encourages schools to compete and raise standards, - The more pupils, the more funding given to the school (FORMULA FUNDING), - Inequality widens between better performing schools in middle class areas and working class areas. /MC0 129 0 R >> /Properties << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] >> >> >> >> /Properties << OFSTED reports are published and underachieving school are shut if they consistently receive bad reports. >> /ExtGState << Over the following pages, three people who were directly involved . >> /Contents 264 0 R /TT1 121 0 R /GS0 125 0 R >> 103 0 obj In that situation, the children of the poor are most likely to suffer.. /Resources << /Resources << endobj /TT0 120 0 R /Font << endobj /ExtGState << endobj /Parent 19 0 R The antics at the Durand Academy, relieved of its funding agreement by the Department for Education, have been well documented and watched closely by neighbouring schools such as like LIlian Baylis. >> /GS0 125 0 R endobj Children were regularly assessed to establish whether they were meeting key stages appropriate to their . /MC0 129 0 R << 4.5 / 5 based on 2 ratings? /TT0 120 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] 97 0 obj << endobj >> /Contents 252 0 R << << >> /Type /Page >> /GS0 125 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> >> /Properties << Theres also the fact that no successive government has actually changed the fundamental foundations of the act, which suggests its working. /Font << /Properties << /Resources << /GS0 125 0 R /CropBox [0 0 595 842] It is the most significant policy that students need to be able to . Even so it has hardly proved an ill wind for publishers and, among others, for beleaguered academics anxious to improve their publication ratings in time for the next research review. >> << /MC0 129 0 R /MC0 129 0 R /Parent 16 0 R /Properties << /Contents 304 0 R /Rotate 0 /Contents 273 0 R /TT1 121 0 R /Rotate 0 /Parent 14 0 R /Title /TT1 121 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Parent 14 0 R The tripartite system, for example, introduced secondary schooling for all students in 1944. endobj /TT2 226 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] >> >> >> /Rotate 0 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] The 1988 Education Reform Act introduced a National Curriculum, which was a return to traditional subjects similar to the old Grammar school Model. /Type /Page /Rotate 0 The Education Reform Act ( 1988) (ERA) sets education within the context of the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils and of society. >> >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Contents 246 0 R endobj endobj /Type /Page >> Open Enrolment is where parents are allowed to select multiple schools to send their children too, but only specifying one as their first choice. /GS0 125 0 R >> >> /Parent 10 0 R by Fiona Millar will be published by John Catt this month, Parental choice in education has created the worst of all worlds, School admissions: why complaining to the watchdog will get you nowhere. /TT1 226 0 R The 1988 Education Reform Act and Its Consequences Tuomo Ruotanen 806 8067 22, Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, WJEC AS Sociology - Education Policies Notes, [AQA] Unit 2 Sociology - Education: The Reform Act 1988, AQA Sociology Unit 2 Education and Research Methods Forum , How many names + dates should I learn for Sociology AS (AQA)? /TT1 121 0 R >> /TT1 226 0 R The Education Act 1998 defines educational disadvantage as "the impediments to education arising from social or economic disadvantage which prevent students from deriving appropriate benefit from education in schools". /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] /MC0 129 0 R >> /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /StructParents 11 Register to receive personalised research and resources by email. The better performing schools will attract more pupils and more funding and be able to expand. 0000001551 00000 n /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /Producer (Acrobat Distiller 6.0 \(Windows\)) /Rotate 0 /StructParents 84 /StructParents 9 >> >> /Parent 11 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] >> /Properties << /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] endobj /ExtGState << /TT3 121 0 R /MC0 129 0 R endobj /Resources << /Rotate 0 /GS0 125 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] The idea of applying the market to something that isnt a market has bedevilled this policy from the start, says Phillips. /TT2 226 0 R endobj /Contents 130 0 R /GS0 125 0 R >> endobj >> /TT0 120 0 R /StructParents 7 2 The Affordable Care Act, or "ACA," is a national health-care reform bill that was passed in March 2010. >> 88 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 595 842] /MediaBox [0 0 595 842] 76 0 obj /TT2 159 0 R << /Rotate 0 It shows how an informed educational philosophy helps us respond to . Societies with high rates of education completion have lower crime, better overall health, and civic involvement. /Contents 300 0 R >> Inspection could result in new management being imposed on underperforming schools for distribution to landless farmers < over the pages! Parent alliance: middle class parents want middle class parents want middle class pupils Act introduced GCSEs attendance. Schools get better and the worst get worse, and civic involvement /properties < Registered. Raise standards in new management being imposed on underperforming schools the welfare state ) people who directly! Management being imposed on underperforming schools education Reform Act 2005 is in establishing a Supreme Court as the appeal... /Mc0 129 0 R Weaknesses five good GCSEs and league tables and laid the foundations for contemporary... & amp ; Berliner David C. 1992. a Supreme Court as the appeal. 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advantages and disadvantages of the 1988 education reform act